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10 - Discussion of the city of Boulder Multi-Hazard Mitigation PlanCITYOF BOLTLDER «~ATER RESC)URCES AD~'ISORY BOARD aGEND~ ITEl~~i l~ZEETING DATE: December 17, 2007 AGENDA TITLE: Presentation and Discussion of the City of Boulder Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan PRESENTERS: Eric Lessard, Engineering Project 11~Ianager Bob Harberg, Utilities Planning and Project Management Coordinator New Williams, Director for Public Works Utilities WATER RESOURCES ADVIS()R~' BO~RD ACTIQN REQUESTED: Staff requests that WRAB provide a recommendation regarding the adequacy of the Plan and its recommendations FISCAL IMPACT: There are no fiscal impacts since the Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan does not bind the city to any funding requirements. Funding of any projects identified in the plan would be considered as part of the city's aiuiual budget process. E~ECLITIVE SL?l~TNZ~RY: The City of Boulder has Ueen ~~~orl:ing with AMEC Earth and Envirorunental on completing a multi-hazard rnitigation plan. The purpose of hazard mitigation is to reduce or eliminate long- term risk to people and property from natural hazards. The City of Boulder is developing this multi-hazard mitigation plan to make the city and its residents less vulneraUle to future natural hazard events. This plan is being prepared pursuant to the requirements of the Disaster I~Iitigation Act of 20U0 in order for the City of Boulder to be eligible for the Federal Emergency Managernent ~lgency's (FEMA) Pre-Disastei• Mitigation and Hazard Mitigation Grant Prograrns. ~ttachrnent ~ contains the Table of Contents and Executive Summary. To meet the identified goals and oUjectiti~es of the pro~-am, the plan recommends a number of mitigation actions. Information in this plan will be used to help guide and coordinate mitigation activities and decisions for local land use policy in the future. Proactive mitigation plamiing will help reduce the cost of disaster response and recovery to the city and its property owners by protecting critical co~nmunity facilities, reducing liability exposure, and ~nini~nizing overall community impacts and disruption. Boulder has been affected by natural hazards in the past and City of Boulder Multi-Hazard 1blitigation Plan December 2U07 is thus committed to reducing future disaster impacts and maintaining eligibility for federal funding. Upon formal adoption of the plan by the City, it will need to be regularly updated every five years. The current draft Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan is available in pdf format at: http://www.bouldercolorado.~ov,~index.php?option=com content&task=view&id=7898&Itemid =1189 BACKGROUND: Hazard mitigation is defined by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as "any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to human life and property from a hazard event." The results of a three-year, congressionally mandated independent study to assess future savings fi•om mitigation activities provides evidence that mitigation activities are highly cost-effective. On average, each dollar spent on mitigation saves society an average of $4 in avoided future losses in addition to saving lives and preventing injuries (National Institute of Building Science Multi-Hazard Mitigation Council 2005}. The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 requires that local governments have hazard mitigation plans approved by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to be eligible for certain federal disaster assistance and hazard mitigation funding programs. Hazard mitigation planning is the process through which hazards that threaten communities are identified, likely impacts of those hazards are determined, mitigation goals are set, and appropriate strategies to lessen impacts are determined, prioritized, and implemented. The planning process is heavily dependent on the participation of representatives from local government agencies and departments, the general public, and other stakeholder groups. ACTI<<'ITIES UPDATE AND OVERVIEW The city is following a planning process prescribed by FEMA, which began with the formation of the HMPC, comprised of key city, county, district, and stake-holder representatives. The HIVIPC conducted a risk assessment that identified and profiled hazards that pose a risk to the City of Boulder, assessed the city's vulnerability to these hazards, and examined the capabilities in place to mitigate them. The City of Boulder is vulnerable to several natural hazards that are identified, profiled, and analyzed in the plan. Floods, wildfires, severe weather, and drought are among the hazards that can have a significant impact on the city. In order to complete the Multi-Hazard IVlitigation Plan, a number of projects that identify plans to mitigate potential hazards needed to be generated from the HMPC members. The plan was presented to the monthly meeting of Multi-Agency Coordinating System (1VIACS) in order to obtain the maximum project input possible. The draft of the City of Boulder 1Vlulti-Hazard IVlitigation Plan is available for review. It contains the projects that were solicited during the development of the report. A number of projects have been added since the October WRAB and an internal review of the document by HMPC members has been completed. The updated version of the plan is available online. As part of implementation process, a public open house and review is curt-ently being completed. The open house is being held before the December City of Boulder Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan December 2007 2 WRAB meeting. The comments generated during this phase will be incorporated into the plan, followed by a submittal to FEMA for their approval. NEXT STEPS Assuming WRAB concurrence, the Plan will be submitted to FEMA for review and approval. FEMA's review should be completed in approximately 3 months, at which time the plan will be presented to City Council for acceptance. The City Council presentation is anticipated in May. STAFF REQUEST: Staff requests that WRAB provide a recommendation regarding the adequacy of the Plan and its recommendations. For additional information, please contact Eric Lessard at 303-441-4232 or lessarde cr,bouldercolorado.gov ATTACHMENTS: A TIC & Executive Summary City of Boulder Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan December 2007 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY City of Bouldar The purpose of hazard mitigation is to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from natural hazards. The City of Boulder developed this multi-hazard mitigation plan to make the city and its residents less vulnerable to future natural hazard events. This plan was prepared pursuant to the requirements of the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 so that the City of Boulder would be eligible for the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) Pre-Disaster Mitigation and Hazard Mitigation Grant Programs. The city followed a planning process prescribed by FEMA, which began with the formation of a hazard mitigation planning committee (HMPC) comprised of key city, county, district and stakeholder representatives. The HMPC conducted a risk assessment that identified and profiled hazards that pose a risk to the City of Boulder, assessed the city's vulnerability to these hazards, and examined the capabilities in place to mitigate them. The City of Boulder is vulnerable to several natural hazards that are identified, profiled, and analyzed in this plan. Floods, wildfires, severe weather, and drought are among the hazards that can have a significant impact on the city. Based on the risk assessment the HMPC identified goals and objectives for reducing the City of Boulder's risk to natural hazards. The three goals of this multi-hazard mitigation plan are to: • Goal l Increase Community Awareness of Boulder's Vulnerability to Natural Hazards • Goa12 Reduce Vulnerability of People, Property, and the Environment to Natural Hazards • Goa13 Increase Interagency Capabilities and Coordination to Reduce the Impacts of Natural Hazards To meet identified goals and objectives, the plan recommends 23 mitigation actions, which are summarized in the table that follows. This plan has been formally adopted by the city and will be updated every five years at a minimum. Mitigation Actions Mitigation Type/ Action # Mitigation Action Title Multi-Hazard Actions Action #1 Increase Web-Based Public Information Outreach Action #2 Implement Replacement Planting Program to Meet Three Criteria Action #3 Increase Urban Forest Canopy to Provide Maximum Flood Reduction Benefit Action #4 Implement a System of Automatic Vehicle Location for Police, Fire, Snow Removal Vehicles Action #5 Increase Rotational Pruning of Street Trees to Eight Years City of Boulder Public Review Draft i Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan November 2007 Mitigation Typel Action # Mitigation Action Title Flood Actions Action #6 Acquire Properties in the High Hazard Flood Zone Action #7 Mitigate Flooding in the South Boulder Creek Floodplain Action #8 Develop a Critical Facilities Floodplain Ordinance Action #9 Construct a South Boulder Creek Regional Detention Plan Action #10 Designate a Safe Zone for Flood Evacuation for City of Boulder Parks and Recreation Action #11 Institute a Community Assisted Floodproofing Program Action #12 Implement Flood Forecasting and Warning Enhancements for Boulder Creek, South Boulder Creek, and Tributary Streams Action #13 Mitigate flooding in Fourmile Creek Action #14 Mitigate flooding in Wonderland Creek Human Health Actions Action #15 Continue the City of Boulder West Nile Virus Mosquito Monitoring and Control Program Action #16 Conduct West Nile Virus/Mosquito Mitigation to Provide Safe Activities at Parks and Recreation Sites Wildfire Actions Action #1 t Implement the City's Community Wildfire Protection Plan Action #18 Implement the City's Forest Ecosystem Management Plan Action #19 Add a Permanent Wildland Fire Crew Supervisor Position Action #20 Increase Boulder Wildland Fire Hazard Mitigation Crew Funding Action #21 Construct a New Fire Training Center Action #22 Develop a Wildland Fire Mitigation Program for the Middle Boulder Creek Watershed Drought Actions Action #23 Identify and Implement Priority Projects Identified in the City's Drought Plan City of Boulder Public Review Draft ii Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan November 2007 TABLE OF CONTENTS City of Bouldar 1 Introduction ..............................................................................................................................1.1 1.1 Purpose ........................................................................................................................1.1 1.2 Background and Scope ...............................................................................................1.1 1.3 Plan Organization ........................................................................................................1.2 2 Community Profile ...................................................................................................................2.1 2.1 Geography and Climate ..............................................................................................2.1 2.2 History .........................................................................................................................2.3 2.3 Economy .....................................................................................................................2.4 2.4 Demographics .............................................................................................................2.4 3 The Planning Process ...............................................................................................................3.1 3.1 Local Government Participation .................................................................................3.1 3.2 The 10-Step Planning Process ....................................................................................3.2 4 Risk Assessment .......................................................................................................................4.1 4.1 Identifying Hazards .....................................................................................................4.2 4.2 Profiling Hazards ........................................................................................................4.4 4.3 Assessing Vulnerability ............................................................................................4.84 4.4 Assessing Capabilities ............................................................................................4.149 5 Mitigation Strategy ..................................................................................................................5.1 5.1 Goals and Objectives ..................................................................................................5.1 5.2 Identification and Analysis of Mitigation Actions ......................................................5.3 5.3 The Mitigation Strategy ..............................................................................................5.7 5.4 Mitigation Action Plan ................................................................................................5.7 6 Plan Adoption ...........................................................................................................................6.1 7 Plan Implementation and Maintenance .................................................................................7.1 7.1 Implementation ...........................................................................................................7.1 7.2 Maintenance ................................................................................................................7.2 Appendix A-Plan Adoption ....................................................................................................A.1 Appendix B-Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee B.1 Appendix C-Data Collection Guide .......................................................................................C.1 Appendix D-Mitigation Categories, Alternatives, and Selection Criteria D.1 Appendix E-References E.1 City of Boulder Public Review Draft iii Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan November 2007