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7B - Valmont Park updateBOULDER PARKS AND RECREATION r^^ ` January 22, 2001 ~ MEMORANDUM TO: Pazks and Recrearion Advisory Board FROM: Chns Dropinski, Director SUBJECT• Valmont Park Update The Valmont Park Update is presented m three sechons. 1 A discussion of the Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Boazd role and mdividual boazd member roles m the Pubhc/Pnvate Partnerslup Process (see attachment) 2. A copy of the Proposal from Envuonmental Consultant Stephen Jones idenhfymg the scope of work for the Valmont Pazk Wildhfe Habitat Assessment is provided for your mformahon. 3. A discussion regardmg the ~omt study session on Valmont City Park scheduled for February 13, 2001. No matenals are provided, however, we aze mterested m expectahons of the Boazd so that plamm~g for tlus one hour session may proceed. ~ ~ ti.,. Parks and Recreation Department MEMORANDUM To: Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Boazd From: Chris Dropinski, Director Parks and Recreahon Department Sarah DeSouza, Assistant to the D'uector Diana Smith and Teresa Grills, City Liaison Subject: Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Board Role m Pubhc/Pnvate Partnerstup Process Date: January 15, 2001 The Pazks and Recreation Advisory Boazd (PRAB) has asked about Boazd members' roles m the development of Valmont City Park and in conducdng the Public & Private Partnership process. Boazd members have expressed mterest m idenfifying the pomts for formal acUon and PRAB decisions m Valmont City Park development and the Public & Pnvate Partnerslup process. The role of the Boazd m the Pubhc and Pnvate Partnership process for Valmont City Park was very bnefly descnbed in the July 1999 Fina[ Report on the Public and Private Partnership Policy. Tlus explanahon and clanfication is offered in response to the expressed mterests of the Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Board members and members ~ of City Council. Because of the limited time available dunng Board meehngs for wide-rangmg discussions, vanous Boazd members have also expressed theu mterest m opportuniries for Board members to offer their mdividual thinking (1) as gwdance for Pazks and Recreahon staff members and the City Liazson Office to take steps m the Valmont City Park development process and (2) as partnerslups and partnered projects are progressing towazd a decision stage. The Boazd has crafted an approach for cazefully momtonng azeas of special mterest to Board members - assigmng one or two Boazd members to delve more deeply into the azea on a conhniung basis. This memorandum suggests using the "assignment of Boazd members" approach for Valmont City Pazk and the Pubhc and Pnvate Partnership process For the Board's considerauon, these roles are suinmanzed here. The detazls are elaborated m the followmg document. ~ .• Summary of Parks and Recreation Advisory Board and PRAB Member Involvement: """"~, ,..~r (1) Assign one or two PRAB members to work closely and on a regular and conhmm~g basis with the City Liaison Office and Pazks and Recreation staff inembers on Valmont City Pazk and the Public and Private Partnership process. (2) Individual PRAB and City Council members aze invited to become mvolved on a diswntumous basis, as their hme allows, in any part of the Crty Liazson Office work on Valmont City Pazk, on requests to Propose Partnerslups (RPPs), and on the development of Proposed Partnered Pro~ects (PPPs). Individual PRAB and Council members' voluntary mdividual involvement may include• a Written or oral comments, queshons, discussions and meehngs with the City Liazson Office, b Attendance at City Liazson Office teckuucal team and staffmeehngs and plannmg meehngs, c. Attendance at pubhc mformahonal meehngs on the Valmont City Pazk and the Public and Pnvate Partnership process, and d. Other individual mvolvement effort All input from mterested parties is sought, welcomed, and recorded to msure the full provision of a public forum on the Pazk and to gwde the Public and Pnvate Partnership process. ,~.~ Board members would be most helpful to prospechve partners by offenng mput eazly, ~ often, and at the first (informal or formal) opportunity Such insights, mputs and issues may ulhmately affect the formal decisions of the Boazd and the City Council. (3) PRAB and City Counc~l will recerve wntten monthly updates m PRAB and Council packets regazdmg the recent acrivihes related to partnerstups and pro~ects and a descnption of their stage m the Public and Pnvate Partnership process (4) Monthly public informahonal meetmgs regazding Valmont City Pazk will be held starting in February 2001. PRAB members, City Council members, other prospechve partners, and interested members of the general public are encourage to attend these meehngs to become mformed eazly m the Pubhc and Private Partnerslup Process Prospechve Partnerslups will present their pro~ects m the meetmgs at or neaz the "Letter of InteresY' stage, before there is a formal decision by the Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Boazd. (5) PRAB will receive each partnered pro~ect proposal as an action item for a formal decision whether to approve the partnerstups and the partnered pro~ect when the partner has completed and submitted a Partnered Pro~ect Proposal (PPP). Such PPPs presume (1) the need for a contractual agreement between the City and the '"',~ ~ partnership and (2) the commitment of land at Valmont City Pazk for the proposed "~ pro~ect ~ ~ ti`.. .~-. ~.- Parks and Recreation Advisory Board Role in the Public / Private Partnership Process ~'""" 1. Assign One or Two Parks and Recreation Advisorp Board Members: ~.. Assign one or two PRAB members to work closely and on a regulaz, continwng basis for a designated penod of hme (possibly six months at a tune, to keep the time commitment manageable for Boazd members uzterested m sernng m this role) ~nth the City Liaison Office and Pazks and Recreahon staffmembers on Valmont City Pazk and the Public and Pnvate Partnership process. They would help the Boazd to make hnkages between work at Valmont City Pazk and other areas of Boazd emphasis to wtuch one or two Boazd members have already been, or may m the future, be assigned. These would uiclude, but not be hmited to environmental sustaznability, public art, tustoncal connechons, coordmahon of mterdepartmental goals ands acfivities, needs assessment, etc. Through these Board members, Boazd input could be conveyed to prospechve partners and to the City Liaison Office and Pazks and Recreation staffmembers eazly, often, and at the fust, mformal opporturuty. These Board members would cazefully weigh the fact that theu insights, inputs and issues may ulhmately affect the formal decisions that the Boazd and the City Council must make. Indrndual Boazd members would be providing valuable assistance so that Pazks and Recreahon staff work on Phase I, Crty Liazson Office developmental work at the Pazk, and City Liaison Office guidance for prospective partners' efforts is as comprehensive as possible These Board ~ members' mput would be provided by ~oimng m the work of the City Liazson Office team. Team members work individually and hold regulaz meetings to shaze their mtenm work results. There would of necessity be a considerable mveshnent of hme to function as a member of the City Liaison Office team on a daily and weekly schedule, so Boazd members should also weigh that fact. The opportumties for assigned Boazd members to contnbute theu insights to the work would include: (1) assessments and discussions conceaung the overall "themes" or "emphases" to be showcased at Valmont City Park; theu connecrion to other City uuhahves, notably, but not exclusively, City Council goals and the City's Comprehensive Plan and departmental master plans; and measurement and evaluahon designed to assess the impact of City acrions, in both the broad and the narrow senses (2) analyses and assessment work necessary to complete the "Request to Propose Partnerslup (RPP)" package and to respond thoughtfully and helpfully to proposmg partners Tlus analysis leads to a full evaluahon the rahonale to propose the specific partnerslups and partnered pro~ects and to City decisions on offenng a Letter of Interest (3) guidance of Partnerships' prepazahon of implementahon plans and strategies, leading to City decisions on a Partnered Pro~ect Proposal (PPP). ~ 2. Parks and Recreation Advisorv Board Member Individual Involvement: ~ Other individual Parks and Recreahon Advisory Boazd members, if they desire, may voluntanly "'" serve as advisors to the City Liaison Office, outside of theu roles during official PRAB meetmgs Through the Crty Liazson Office, other individual Board members may offer msights and mput on a discontmuous basis, consistent with their abihty to devote hme, on City-wide, Valmont City Pazk, partner, partnerslup and partnered pro~ect issues reqwnng attenhon. Board members would be most helpful to prospechve partners by offenng mput eazly, often, and at the first (informal or formal) opporhuuty. Such msights, mputs and issues may ulhmately affect the formal decisions that the Board and the City Council must make. Individual Boazd members would be providing valuable assistance so staff work on Phase I, City Liazson Office developmental work at the Park, and City Liazson Office guidance for prospecfive partners' efforts is as comprehensive as possible. Boazd members' mput can be provided intermittently, as they choose, by jomuig in the work of the City Liaison Office team Team members work mdividually and hold regular meetuigs to shaze theu mterun work results. As their tune constraznts allow, individual PRAB members may partic~pate m daily Ctty Liaison Office work. • assessments and discussions conceming the overall "ihemes" or "emphases" to be showcased at Valmont City Pazk; their connechon to other City imdarives, notably, but not exclusively, City Council goals and the City's Comprehensive Plan and departmental master plans, and measurement and evaluahon designed to assess he impact of City achons, m both the broad ,..~ and the narrow senses.. w~ • analyses and assessment work necessary to complete the "Request to Propose Partnership (RPP)" package and to respond thoughtfully and helpfully to proposmg partners This analysis leads to a full evaluahon the rahonale to propose the specific partnerslups and partnered pro~ects and to City decisions on offenng a Letter of Interest • guidance of Parlnerslups' prepazahon of implementahon plans and strategies, leadmg to City decisions on a Partnered Pro~ect Proposal (PPP) Individual members of the Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Boazd, the City Manager's Office staff, and the City Council may contact City Liaison Office at any hme, as often as necessazy, on any topic. As Individual Board, Council and staff members make known theu specific areas of mterest, the City Liazson Office will contact mdividuals as related matters anse in the course of City Liazson Office work. Contacts should be made directly with Diana Smrth, who will honor Boazd members' requests to mvolve any other specific members of the City Liaason Office staff. 3. Discussions with the Parks and Recreation Advisory Board and Policy-Makers: Discussion concermng Valmont City Pazk may take place at any meetmg or study session of the Parks and Recreatron Advisory Boazd, other City boazds, or the City Council. Specific Valmont `'"'~+ -Z- ~"~ ~.-~ ~ ~ City Pazk issues may also be placed on their agendas. Members of the City Liaison Office always attend PRAB meetings to be available to members of the Boazd. Upon request, City Liaison Office staff members aze available to attend, present or respond at any meetmg. The Pazks and Recreation Advisory Boazd will receive a sununary report as part of rts "Valtnont City Pazk" agenda item at each monthly Boazd meeting. The Members of City Council will recerve tlus summary report each month in one Weekly InformaUon Packet (WIP item). The City Liaison Office maintams an achve and evolvmg hst of issues razsed conceaung each proposed partnered project A Partnership Consultant is assigned to each prospecuve partner and mazntains the mformahon developed azound each issue that is raised about theu assigned partnerstups and proposed partnered pro~ects. Tlus information is the source for the report to be summanzed and reported monthly to the Pazks and Recreahon Department Management Team, the Parks and Recreahon Advisory Board, the City Council. 4. Parks and Recreation Advisory Board and VCP Public Meetin~s: Members of the Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Boazd, other City boards, and City Council will be specifically mvited to attend Valmont City Pazk pubhc informahonal meetmgs. These meehngs will be held monthly startmg in February 2001 At each meehng, up to two proposmg partners will present theu proposed pro~ect for discussion as they work on theu draft Request to Propose Partnerslup (RPP) at Valmont City Park. As pro~ects recerve a Letter of Interest from the City, prospechve partners will present their work on their Partnered Project Proposal. The City Liazson Office may at hmes present topics of broad mterest concemmg the Parksite. The City Liazson Office will azrange and host public meehngs at wluch prospecuve partners will present the~r pro~ects. The City Liazson Office and City staff will also present for discussion any emerging issues surroundmg Valmont City Pazk. In addirion to Members of the Pazks and Recrearion Advisory Board, other City boazds and City Council will be mvited to attend, as will all neighbors of the Pazk and all parties considenng an RPP for Valmont City Pazk. Media pubhcaty will be auned at attrachng members of the pubhc not specifically known to the City Liazson Office The City Liazson Office will mvite mterested persons to be listed so that they can be specifically informed of future meehngs. The VCP Public Meetmgs will follow similaz 2.5 hour agendas: 15 minutes City Liazson mtroduchon 30 mmutes Partnered Project presentahon by proposing partner 15 mmutes Discussion following presentahon 30 minutes Partnered Pro~ect presentation by proposmg partner 15 mmutes Discussion following presentahon 15 minutes City Liaison presentahon on City Council goals related to Valmont City Pazk 30 mmutes Minghng and individual conversahons -3- The VCP Public Meerings will be held monthly after the February 13 ~omt meetmg of the Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Board, City Council and other City boazds. Ed Kean and Tom Fowler ~'~-, of Fowler GMAC Real Estate are considenng the provision of a meeting location at their ~'"' Parkside Townhomes across Valmont from the Pazk site. The first three monthly meehng are proposed to include: Thursday, February 22, Presentahons by proposmg partners. 630 - 9 p m. 1) Boulder Commucuty Velodrome - outdoor high-speed cyclmg 2) Commututy Loop - mulh-use/cycling path Wednesday, March 14 or 21, Presentations by proposing partners 6•30 - 9 p.m. 1) Boulder Ice - recreahonal "storybook" ice nnk(s) 2) Youth Baseball of Boulder (YBOB) - httle league and major- league-size ballfield complex Tuesday, Apnl 17 Presentarions by Boulder Nordic Club 6•30 - 9 p m. 1) proposed partnered pro~ect - cross-country ski loop 2) Snowmakmg Pilot Test 5. Decisions by the Parks and Recreation Advisor~Board and other Policy Bodies Formal decisions are required of the Pazks and Recreation Advisory Boazd and of the City Council at several pomts in the Pubhc and Private Partnerslup process for Valmont City Pazk ~ AcHons of other Citv boards ma by e required Such enrihes as the Transportahon Advisory "~ Board, the Water Resources Advisory Boazd, and the Planmng Boazd may request to, or be required to, review certam mdrndual partnered project proposals as well as the detailed development plans for certasn non-partnered azeas at Valmont City Pazk Formal Votes by the Parks and Recreation Advisory Board: 1. The Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Board must, by affirmative vote of the Boazd, formally decide whether to accept or dechne the dedicaUon of any portion of Valmont City Pazk land to a partnered projecYs use. The City Council has a su7ulaz responsibihty 2. The Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Boazd must, by affirmative vote of the Boazd, formally deade whether to recommend for or against each legally-bmdmg contract or agreement that is the means for the City to commrt to partner with any assemblage of proposmg partners for a partnered pro~ect. The City Council has an analogous responsibihry to direct the City Manager to enter into such legal contract or arrangement As tlus applies to Valmont City Pazk, all partnerslups and theu partnered pro~ects will be officially presented to the Pazks and Recreahon Advisory Boazd when they aze ready for final approval. The complexity of the proposed pro~ect will determme whether formal approvals by other Boards and/or City Council aze also necessary. -4- The City Liaison Office has the responsibihty to assure that members of the Pazks and ~ Recreahon Advisory Boazd, other City boazds, and City Council aze prepazed with mformahon sufficient to support the~r decision-makmg processes concerning Valmont City Pazk. ~ ~,"^^ `~.. -5- . PROPOSAL VALMONT PARR WILDLIFE HABITAT ASSESSI~NT Stephen R. Jones Envirox~mental Consultant ~,~." a-^. 3543 Smuggler Way Boulder CO 80305 303-494-2468 stvjoaes@peakpeak.com ~ ,..- . , • <- ~ ,.~ W' Introduction During the planning process for Valmont City Park, environmental studies were carried out to determine the biological constraints on development of the site (Buckner and Thompson), presence or absence of Preble's jumping mouse (Bakeman 1998), and strategies for reconstructing and revegetating the Wonderland Creek channel (Kemmerer). A study of plants and wildlife along Boulder Creek tributaries (Gershman and Stone 1999) provided additional information about wildlife habitat quality in the Wonderland Creek and Goose Creek drainages. Parks staff (Dropinski, Ramsey, and Bernhardt 2~00) consulted with biologists, health officials, and park managers to determine the potential for the developed park site to support a prairie dog colony. While providing vital information, none of these studies included inventories of plants or wildlife throughout the park site, and none included recommendations for protectinq and enhancing existing wildlife habitat throughout the site. Parks staff and members of the Parks and Recreation Advisory Board -7. have expressed interest in filling this information gap. Issues of concern include: 1. Wildlife values of all areas of the site, including riparian woodlands, grasslands, and isolated groves of trees. Potential for protecting them and/or enhancing their function. 2. Status of existing prairie dog colonies, including rate of expansion, associated predator populations, and impacts on vegetation. Potential for maintaining one or more prairie dog colonies on part of the developed site. 3. Potential impacts of artificial snow-making and other recreational activities on wildlife populations. 4. Opportunities for intermingling developed recreational areas and natural areas. Opportunities for environmental education. Scope of Work Work wi11 focus on the four areas of concern mentioned above. Work will be carried out during January and February, 2001, with a draft report submitted to Parks staff by February 28. '"'"° I. Assess Potential for Preserving and Enhancinq Existing Wildlife Habitat, including Riparian Corridors, Groves and ~ Thickets, and Grasslands `~..,, Goal: To assess the condltion of these ecosystems on site, rate their ability to support wildlife, and present a range of options for preserving and enhancing their function. Erocess: 1. Review previous ecological studies. 2. ConducC walking surveys of riparian corridors and grasslands on site. Develop lists of observed and potential mammals and birds. 3. Use Boulder County, Colorado Natural Heritage Program, and Federal lists to assess potential of each habitat/ecosystem to supporC species of special concern. 4. Rate each ecosystem (low, moderate, high) in the following categories: presence of natural plant communities, importance as a wildlife migration corridor, presence of large mammals and other predators, presence of species of special concern, potential to support species of special concern. 5. Present management recommendations, including: which habitats should be prioritized for protection, optimal shaping ~ of connectors/migration corridors, recreational setbacks from sensitive areas, and procedures for enhancing ecosystem function. II. Determine Potential Locations and Sizes of Prairie Dog Preserves Goal: To present the Parks and Recreation Board with a range of options for maintaininq prairie dogs on part of the Valmont Park%East Boulder Creek properties. Process 1. Review historic status of prairie dogs on site. Consult with biologists and other experts concerning feasibility of maintaining small prairie dog colonies on or near heavily used recreational parks. 2. Determine extent and population of colonies currently on site. 3. Conduct large mammal/predator survey throuqhout park site. 4. Use City of Boulder and Boulder County Parks and Open Space criteria to characterize status of colonies, including: ~ rate of growth, natural boundaries, connectivity with nearby colonies, predation, associated wildlife populations, susceptibility to plague. 5. Organize a committee of experts and other interested ~ citizens to set goals for creating and maintaining preserves and ~~~ to develop a range of implementation options. 6. Present goals and implementation options. III. Assess Potential Impacts of Artificial Snow-Making Operations on Wildlife Goal: To assess potential sisks to wildlife from aztific~al snow-making. Process: 1. Review scientific literature on snow-making impacts. 2. Conduct large mammal/predator survey (#3, above). 3. Visit snow-making site to measure decibel levels, observe impacts, and discuss options with representatives from Nordic Ski Club. 4. Summarize potential impacts and present management options. ' IV. Explore Educational and Interpretive Opportunities Goa1: To work with staff to develop educational programs, ~ including: ~~ 1. "Adopt a prairie dog colony" and "adopt a woodland" programs for area schools. Individual classes to monitor plants and wildlife on site and develop checklists and brochures. 2. Interpretive trails. 3. 9ignage and interpretive displays on "Prairie Dog Ecosystem," "Grasslands," "Riparian Woodlands," "Urban Wildlife," and "Water-wise Landscaping." Literature Cited Bakeman, M.E. 1998. Presence or absence survey for Preble's meadow ~umping mouse at Valmont City Park, Boulder County, Colorado. Report to City of Boulder Parks and Recreation Department, 3198 North Broadway, Boulder CO 80304. Buckner, D.L., and R. Thompson. Analysis of biological constraints at large tract alternative sites. Report to City of Boulder Parks and Recreation Department, 3198 North Broadway, ~ Boulder CO 80304. w ~ - ~ "~ ~ Dropinski, C., K. Ramsey, and • Valmont City Park. Memorandum ~,,,, Board, 24 August, 2000. K. Bernhart. 2000. Prairie dogs at to Parks and Recreation Advisory Gershman, M., and E. Stone. 1999. Boulder tributary trails vegetation and wildlife study. Kemmerer, D. Restoration and revegetation plan for Wonderland Creek drainage. Report to City of Boulder Parks and Recreation Department, 3198 North Broadway, Boulder CO 80304. Budget ~,""` ~r All time will be billed at $50/hr. Principal Investigator: Stephen Jones, environmental consultant Mammalogist: Carron Meaney, Ph.D. Task Estimated Hrs. Research 12 Large mammal/predator survey (4 replications) 10 Assess quality/wildlife potential of ecosystems 10 Count prairie dogs and map colonies 2 Organize prairie doq committee 5 Meet with prairie dog committee (3 meetings) 9 Observe snow-making impacts 3 Consult with other biologists and staff 15 Prepare report 12 Total estimated hrs. 78 78 hrs. @ $50/hr.: $3900 Maps,, photos, photocopy: 50 Mileage: 5~ Total: $4000 Submitted 29 December, 2000: Stephen R. Jones ~ t°" ~ 3543 Smuggler Way Bouider, CO 80305 Stephen R.Jones Environmental Consultant 303-494-2468 stvj ones@peakpeak. com ~,"' ~...~ ~ Consulting - Westem Mobile Boulder Inc., 1997-present I completed breeding bird and raptor surveys, monitored bald eagle populations, and provided recommendations for avian habitat protection and restoration during a gravel mining project. - Boulder County Parics and Open Space Dept., 1997-98. I conducted surveys and provided recommendations for avian habitat protection and improvement along Boulder Creek. - City of Boulder Open Space Department, 1993-95. I completed a breeding bird study, a cavity- nesting bird study, and an owi study on Boeilder Open Space and provided recommendations for managing recreational uses. - City of Boulder Pazks and Recreation Department, 1989-96. I completed an inventory of Boulder Mountain Park breeding bud populations, a study of snag use by cavity-nesting birds, an ecosystem preservation plan, a 2' by 4' color vegetation map of the Park, and an assessment of impacts of recreation on wildlife at Boulder Reservoir. Publications - Jones, S. R. 2000. The Last Prairie a Sandhtlls .Iournal. Ragged Mountain Press/McGraw- I~II, Camden ME. 256 pp. - Jones, S. R, and P Hansley. 2000. Louise Hering's 42-year breeding bird study on Enchanted Mesa Colorado F:eld Orntthologrst's Quarterly, Spring 2000. - Jones, S. R., and R. C. Cushman. 1998. Colorado Nature Almanac. Pruett Publishing Co., Boulder 278 pp. - Kingery, H., ed. 1498 Colorado Breeding &rd Atlas. Colorado Wildlife Foundation, Denver. 635 pp. I contributed 12 species accounts and 5 photographs. - Gietzen, R. A., S. R. Jones, and R. J McKee. 1997. Hawks, eagles, and prairie dogs: wintering raptor populations in Boulder County, 1983-97. Colorado Field Orn:thologist's Quarterly, Winter 1997. - Cushman, R. C., S. R. Jones, and J. Knopf. 1993. Boulder Counry Nature Almanac. Pruett Publishing Co., Boulder. 340 pp. - Jones, S. R. 1991. Distnbution of small forest owls in Boulder County, Colorado. Colorado Field Ornithologist's,7ournal, Summer 1991. - Jones, S. R 1989. Populations and prey selection of wintering raptors in Boulder County, - ,„~~ Colorado. Proceedings, Eleventh North American Prairie Conference. ,. - Cushman, R. C., and S. R Jones. 1988. The Shortgrass Prairte. Pruett Publishing Co., Boulder. 127 pp., 50 color photographs. - Jones, S. R 1987. An ocean of grass: a portfolio of photographs. American Land Forum, Januazy/February 1987. - Jones, S. R. 1979-84. Ten articles about Colorado wildlife in the Boulder Darly Camera Sunday Magazine. Teaching - Adult Education Instructor, Boulder Valley Schools and Front Range Community College, 1981-present I taught ecology, mathematics, and lugh school equivalency (GED). - Instructor, Boulder County Nature Association Outdoor Education Program, 1999-present. I taught adult field classes in avian ecology. - Instructor, Boulder Natural Science School and Fiske Science Discovery, 1986-90. I taught nature photography, ornithology, and ecology to children aged 5-14. ~ - Teacher, Southem Hills Jr. High School, Boulder, Colorado, 1970-76. I taught social science, ~- natural science, and mathematics. Awazds - Sierra Club, Indian Peaks Group, "Outstanding Contributions to Preserving Colorado's Natural Environment," 1994. - Co(orado Association of Communiry Educators, "Outstanding Instruction," 1992. - Boulder Audubon Society, "Outstanding Environmental Achievement," 1989. - National Wildlife Federauon, one of ten "volunteers who make a difference," 1987 - PL?,N Boulder County, "Ouutanding Contributions to Enviroamental Progress," 1986. Education , - M.A., History, Boston University, 1977. - M A., Secondary Teaching, Stanford University, 1970. ^^~ - B A., History, Stanford University, 1969 ~~